Abordagem do Doente Com Hiponatremia

Autores

  • Marina Gomes Serviço de Endocrinologia, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portuga
  • Ana Catarina Matos Serviço de Endocrinologia, Hospital de Braga, Braga, Portugal.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24950/rspmi.r.199.4.2021

Palavras-chave:

Hiponatremia/diagnóstico; Hiponatremia/epidemiologia; Hiponatremia/tratamento

Resumo

A hiponatremia é o distúrbio de eletrólitos mais comum na prática clínica. Habitualmente, traduz um ou mais processos patológicos intercorrentes, e encontra-se associada a elevada mortalidade e morbilidade caso não se proceda ao diagnóstico e tratamento apropriados. O primeiro passo na abordagem do doente com hiponatremia é a classificação da gravidade dos sintomas que determina a urgência da intervenção terapêutica. Por um lado, na hiponatremia gravemente sintomática deve ser administrada, imediatamente, solução salina hipertónica. Por outro, nos doentes com hiponatremia assintomática ou moderadamente sintomática devem ser investigadas e removidas/tratadas as possíveis causas associadas, antes de qualquer outra intervenção terapêutica. O objetivo desta revisão é discutir e melhorar a abordagem diagnóstica e terapêutica da hiponatremia, segundo as orientações mais atuais.

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Publicado

23-12-2021

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Gomes M, Matos AC. Abordagem do Doente Com Hiponatremia. RPMI [Internet]. 23 de Dezembro de 2021 [citado 5 de Julho de 2022];28(4):378-8. Disponível em: https://revista.spmi.pt/index.php/rpmi/article/view/278

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