Investigação Etiológica do Acidente Vascular Cerebral no Adulto Jovem

Autores

  • João Paulo Correia Serviço de Medicina Interna do SESARAM, Funchal, Portugal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6356-7755
  • Ana Sofia Figueiredo Serviço de Neurologia do Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova Gaia/Espinho, Portugal
  • Henrique Moniz Costa Serviço de Neurologia do Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova Gaia/Espinho, Portugal
  • Pedro Barros Serviço de Neurologia do Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova Gaia/Espinho, Portugal
  • Luís Miguel Veloso Serviço de Neurologia do Centro Hospitalar Vila Nova Gaia/Espinho, Portugal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24950/rspmi/revisao/200/3/2018

Palavras-chave:

Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico, Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia, Adulto Jovem

Resumo

A incidência do acidente vascular cerebral (AVC) no adulto jovem tem vindo a aumentar nas últimas décadas, traduzindo- -se em cada vez mais hospitalizações. De igual modo, o peso de factores de risco cardiovascular tradicionais como a hipertensão arterial, dislipidemia, tabagismo, obesidade e sedentarismo parece ser cada vez maior, em detrimento de outros mais raros classicamente associados ao AVC nesta faixa etária. A lista de possíveis etiologias é extensa e a identificação dos factores de risco não se traduz na completa compreensão etiológica do AVC, pelo que a abordagem desta patologia exige não só o adequado uso de exames complementares como também um pensamento hierarquizado. Neste artigo, os autores apresentam uma revisão sobre os factores de risco e etiologias do AVC no adulto jovem, focando alguns aspectos clínicos e diagnósticos úteis para a abordagem etiológica destes doentes na prática clínica.

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Publicado

01-04-2022

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1.
Correia JP, Figueiredo AS, Moniz Costa H, Barros P, Veloso LM. Investigação Etiológica do Acidente Vascular Cerebral no Adulto Jovem. RPMI [Internet]. 1 de Abril de 2022 [citado 30 de Maio de 2024];25(3):213-2. Disponível em: https://revista.spmi.pt/index.php/rpmi/article/view/482

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