Ecografia à Cabeceira do Doente na Medicina Interna: Uma Mudança de Paradigma na Avaliação do Doente Agudo

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24950/rspmi/revisao/151/4/2018

Palavras-chave:

Doença Aguda, Ecografia, Medicina Interna/ educação, Serviço de Urgência Hospitalar

Resumo

A ecografia à cabeceira do doente apresenta-se como “o quinto pilar do exame físico”, juntamente com a inspeção, percussão, palpação e auscultação. Após o início de sua utilização nos anos 80 para avaliação do trauma abdominal, tornou-se prática diária na avaliação do doente crítico, tanto nas Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos quanto nos Serviços de Urgência, sendo, hoje, componente fundamental de diversos protocolos clínicos. Neste artigo, pretende-se mostrar as aplicações estabelecidas da ecografia à cabeceira do doente na avaliação de situações clínicas agudas, com foco nas implicações para a prática do médico internista. Pretende-se também deixar patente o impacto que a ecografia pode e deve ter na educação médica geral. Os autores têm a forte convicção que as competências aqui apresentadas farão parte, muito em breve, do núcleo de competências básicas de qualquer médico internista a exercer em Portugal.

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01-04-2022

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Mariz J, Silva R, Romano M, Gaspar A, Gonçalves AP, Silva JP, Carvalho-Filho MA, Santos T, Teixeira J. Ecografia à Cabeceira do Doente na Medicina Interna: Uma Mudança de Paradigma na Avaliação do Doente Agudo. RPMI [Internet]. 1 de Abril de 2022 [citado 7 de Fevereiro de 2023];25(4):309-1. Disponível em: https://revista.spmi.pt/index.php/rpmi/article/view/547

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