Radioterapia Paliativa para Cuidados Oncológicos em Fim de Vida

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24950/Revisao/103/19/1/2020

Palavras-chave:

Cuidados Paliativos, Cuidados Terminais, Neoplasias/radioterapia, Radioterapia

Resumo

A radioterapia com intuito paliativo pode aliviar uma multiplicidade de sintomas relacionados com cancro avançado. O alívio dos sintomas pode ser medido nas primeiras 24-48 horas ou em semanas ou meses após a conclusão da radioterapia. A taxa óptima de utilização de radioterapia no final de vida é desconhecida, devendo o seu uso ser criterioso. Contudo, deverá ser incluída, dada a sua eficácia, nos doentes cuja sobrevida o permita e minorada naqueles com curta expectativa de vida. Os estudos demonstram que os oncologistas têm tendência a sobreprognosticar a sobrevida dos seus doentes solicitando tratamentos que não os vão beneficiar. Os índices prognósticos podem ser úteis em estimar o período de sobrevida e ajudar a orientar decisões terapêuticas relativamente a radioterapia paliativa em doentes com tempo de sobrevida po- tencialmente curto. Esta revisão pretende destacar os bene- fícios e indicações da radioterapia paliativa para cuidados oncológicos em fim de vida.

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08-12-2021

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Martins O, Azevedo I. Radioterapia Paliativa para Cuidados Oncológicos em Fim de Vida. RPMI [Internet]. 8 de Dezembro de 2021 [citado 18 de Agosto de 2022];27(1):49-54. Disponível em: https://revista.spmi.pt/index.php/rpmi/article/view/187

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