A Malnutrição Associada à Doença e as suas Repercussões em Portugal

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.24950/rspmi/revisao/91/1/2019

Palavras-chave:

Avaliação Nutricional, Custos Hospitalares, Estado Nutricional, Malnutrição, Perturbações da Nutrição

Resumo

A malnutrição associada à doença é frequente do ponto de
vista clínico, apresentando elevada morbilidade, mortalidade e impacto na qualidade de vida, em especialidades
como a medicina interna, a oncologia, a neurologia, a gastroenterologia e a pediatria, entre outras. Estudos realizados
em Portugal estimam existirem cerca de 40% de doentes em
risco nutricional à data da admissão hospitalar, dependendo
do estadio da doença e do grau/severidade. O custo da hospitalização destes doentes, é cerca de 20% superior ao dos
doentes com o mesmo grupo de diagnóstico homogéneo,
mas sem risco nutricional associado. No nosso país, o acesso dos doentes malnutridos a avaliação, aconselhamento e
tratamento nutricional adequados ainda é limitado, mesmo
em ambiente hospitalar. Um conhecimento detalhado da
malnutrição associada à doença nas referidas especialidades, permitiria uma melhor caracterização da situação em
Portugal, e permitiria estabelecer uma estratégia de intervenção clínica e terapêutica, para melhorar este panorama
e as suas consequências no nosso país.

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Publicado

15-03-2019

Como Citar

1.
Marinho A, Lopes A, Sousa G, Antunes H, Fonseca J, Mendes L, de Carvalho M, Teixeira Veríssimo M, Carvalho N, Alves P, Alves P. A Malnutrição Associada à Doença e as suas Repercussões em Portugal. RPMI [Internet]. 15 de Março de 2019 [citado 2 de Julho de 2022];26(1):60-6. Disponível em: https://revista.spmi.pt/index.php/rpmi/article/view/370

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